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Ticks in dogs as carriers of diseases


Ticks in dogs are not only uncomfortable and annoying, they can also transmit various diseases. We would like to list the most common diseases here so that you can quickly visit a veterinarian in the event of suspicion. Ticks in dogs can express themselves with a wide variety of disease symptoms - Image: Shutterstock / Alexandra Giese

Ticks in dogs are dangerous because the parasites transmit numerous pathogens. There are around 900 tick species worldwide, 19 of which are at home in Germany. The most common representatives are the woodbuck, the riparian tick and the brown dog tick. The tiny blood-sucking arachnids infect four-legged friends significantly more often than humans. The following overview shows which diseases ticks can transmit in dogs:

Ticks in dogs cause anaplasmosis

Anaplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by ticks in dogs caused by bacteria called "anaplasms". It is transmitted through the stitch of the common wooden trestle. It can infect dogs, but in rare cases also humans. In addition to Germany, the disease is also common in various other European countries, about which you should get information from your veterinarian before traveling. Infection in the dog is manifested by symptoms such as fever, listlessness and nervous disorders. The vet must treat her with antibiotics. There is currently no vaccination against these ticks in dogs.

Babesiosis: common in the Mediterranean

Babesiosis is also known as "dog malaria" because its pathogens affect the dog's red blood cells. The disease mainly occurs in Mediterranean regions, but can also be transmitted in isolated cases in Germany, for example by the riparian tick. Infected dogs develop a high fever one to three weeks after the bite, which can be fatal in severe cases. Your urine turns dark brown as a result of the red blood cells breaking down. If the fever drops, the animals appear dull and battered. They also often suffer from loss of appetite and eye infections. In regions that are particularly at risk, you should protect your dog from babesiosis with a vaccination.

Prevent and remove ticks in dogs

Ticks are real pests and can transmit dangerous diseases. Protect your ...

Dangerous disease: Lyme disease

In Germany and in many other European regions, people and dogs can become infected with Lyme disease. After the tick bite, the bacteria spread in the dog's bloodstream and can affect the joints, nervous system and organs. Lyme disease often remains undetected at first. Fever, loss of appetite and apathy can occur in a sick animal. Later there are episodes of lameness and joint problems. Without treatment, there can be serious damage to the heart and kidneys. Vaccination against Lyme disease is possible, but its effectiveness is controversial, which is why prevention of these ticks in dogs is recommended.

Ehrlichiosis can be fatal

Ehrlichiosis diseases affect the dog's white blood cells. They are transmitted by the brown dog tick and occur in European Mediterranean regions. The disease is therefore gradual and often does not break out for years. Symptoms such as fever, weariness and bleeding from the nose, mucous membranes and skin are typical of the disease, which usually becomes chronic and can lead to death if left untreated. Here, too, only prevention by tick preparations and regular fur control helps, because there is no vaccination against this tick in dogs.

TBE from ticks in dogs

With the TBE virus, dogs in German, especially southern German regions, can become infected via the wooden trestle. In addition, the pathogens for these ticks are common in Eastern Europe. However, symptoms of disease do not occur in every infected dog. Most often they are observed in large breeds of dogs and include symptoms such as fever and neurological conditions such as epilepsy and movement disorders. Here too there is unfortunately no way to protect the dog from tick diseases by vaccination.